Understanding Epilepsy, Seizures, and EEG Testing

Epilepsy, a neurological disorder characterized by recurring seizures, can significantly disrupt everyday life. These seizures, stemming from abnormal brain activity, come in various forms and can vary in their impact on sensations and behavior.

Types of Seizures:

Epileptic seizures can be broadly categorized into two main types:

  • Focal (Partial) Seizures: These seizures originate in a specific area of the brain and often manifest with distinct symptoms, depending on the affected brain region.
  • Generalized Seizures: In these seizures, abnormal electrical activity encompasses the entire brain. This can lead to loss of consciousness, involuntary movements, and other widespread effects.

EEG Testing for Diagnosis of Epilepsy:

Accurate diagnosis of epilepsy is pivotal for effective treatment planning. Electroencephalogram (EEG) testing is a fundamental tool in diagnosing and managing epilepsy. By placing electrodes on the scalp, an EEG records the brain’s electrical patterns. An EEG can diagnose epilepsy by capturing abnormal brain activity during seizures and interictal periods (times between seizures). It aids in categorizing seizure types and provides insights into brain function, detecting irregularities that might not be apparent through other diagnostic methods.

Treatment for Seizures:

Anti-seizure medications are the primary mode of treatment, aiming to reduce the frequency and severity of seizures. Lifestyle modifications, such as managing stress and getting sufficient sleep, can also contribute to better seizure control. In cases where seizures are resistant to medications, surgical interventions may be considered to remove or isolate the affected brain tissue responsible for generating seizures.

For our patients living with epilepsy, we provide up-to-date medical guidance and treatment as well as advocate for the development of a support network and ways to improve quality of life.

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