Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and Neuromyelitis Optica (NMO) are complex neurological disorders that impact the central nervous system. The good news is, there have been significant advancements in the treatment of both MS and NMO. Many therapies are available today that can help manage symptoms, slow disease progression, and improve your overall quality of life.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS):
MS is an autoimmune disease that affects the brain and spinal cord. It arises when the immune system mistakenly attacks the protective covering of nerve fibers (myelin), leading to communication problems between the brain and the rest of the body. This disruption can manifest as a wide range of symptoms, including fatigue, numbness or weakness in limbs, difficulty with coordination and balance, and vision problems. The course of MS can vary, with periods of relapses and remissions. Treatment focuses on modifying the disease course, managing symptoms, and enhancing quality of life. Therapies may involve disease-modifying medications, physical therapy, and lifestyle adjustments.
Neuromyelitis Optica (NMO):
NMO, also known as Devic’s disease, is a rare autoimmune disorder that primarily affects the optic nerves and spinal cord. Unlike MS, which primarily attacks myelin, NMO predominantly targets the optic nerve’s covering (optic neuritis) and the spinal cord (myelitis). Common symptoms include severe eye pain, vision loss, muscle weakness, and sensory disturbances. Prompt diagnosis and treatment are crucial, as NMO can cause rapid and severe disability. Management typically involves immunosuppressive medications to prevent relapses and rehabilitative therapies to regain lost function.
At the Center for Neurology and Spine, we specialize in diagnosing and managing complex neurological conditions like MS and NMO. We understand the challenges posed by these conditions and are committed to improving your quality of life through expert care and guidance.